Fajada Butte dominates the landscape.Exposed rock layers reveal region’s geologic inhuman history.
Cliff House Sandstone former the upper layer with deposits of fossil shells, clams, shark teeth and marine sand.
Menefee Formation former the lower layers, combining siltstones and mudstones interbedded with sandstone, shale, and thin coal beds.
This easily eroded formation undercuts the harder sandstone layer above, causing unsupported boulders to break off and continue the erosion process of Fajada Butte.
The Chacoan people used the various rock layers in their daily lives.
They quarried sandstone for building materials, tools and food processing (mans and metates).
Cliff faces provided a place to record symbols and images. Fossils, shale, jet and argillite were used for jewelry.
Today Fajada Butte is a sacred place for the Pueblo, Hopi and Navajo peoples. The butte figures
prominently in their oral histories, migration and ongoing traditions, revealing their connection to the land.